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Impact of Bagrada Bug on Desert Cole Crops in 2010 (Jun. 29, 2011)

The Bagrada bug, Bagrada hilaris, was a major problem in desert cole crops last fall. Widespread infestations were reported throughout the desert growing area in September and October where stand losses and yield/quality reductions to broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and other Brassica crops were considered economically significant in some growing areas. In an attempt to document the impact of these outbreaks on desert production, a survey of PCAs from Yuma and Imperial Valley was recently conducted to estimate the severity of Bagrada bug infestations on direct-seeded and transplanted cole crops during 2010. A summary of the survey results can be found at this link: Bagrada Bug Survey 2010. In general, a large percentage (98.6%) of direct-seed cole crop acreage (e.g., broccoli) was treated for Bagrada infestations with insecticides compared to transplanted cole crops (e.g., cauliflower) where 86.6% of the acreage was reported to be treated. Similarly, estimates showed that direct-seeded cole crops sustained greater stand losses and plant injury from Bagrada feeding than transplanted crops. When combined, the average estimated stand loss and plant injury caused by Bagrada bug exceeded 15% and 10 % in direct-seeded and transplanted crops, respectively. PCAs also provided information on insecticides that provided effective control through both chemigations and foliar sprays. In general, they reported that products that have contact activity (i.e., Pyrethroids, OP/Carbamates) appeared to provide the most effective control against Bagrada adults on both direct-seeded and transplanted cole crops. Overall, the results of the PCA survey are consistent with results obtained in research trials conducted at the Yuma Agricultural Center last year.

Adult Bagrada Bug on Broccoli Plant

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For questions or comments on any of the topics please contact Marco Pena at the Yuma Agricultural Center.
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