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Management Guidelines for CYSDV on Fall Melons (July 12, 2017)
Fall melon planting is right around the corner and local fields are being prepared for planting. Growers and PCAs are well aware of cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) and the impact it can have on fall melons. This whitefly transmitted crinivirus was first identified on desert melons in the fall 2006 where widespread infections on cantaloupes, honeydews and other melons occurred. CYSDV can cause significant losses in melon fruit yield and quality, and without question, desert melon crops have been seriously affected by this virus. Melon IPM has also been impacted by CYSDV where insecticide usage on fall melons has increased significantly. We have been studying the epidemiology of CYSDV for over 10 years trying to understand the complex relationships between the virus, vector and our local cropping system. Our ultimate goal is to develop practical approaches for reducing CYSDV impact on fall melon production. In addition, we continue to develop new information on chemical control of the whitefly vector (Bemisia whitefly adults).

Last fall, whitefly populations were lighter than normal, and CYSDV incidence on fall melons was the lowest we’ve recorded on melons since the virus as first reported 11 years ago. Thus far, whitefly numbers this spring and summer have been relatively light compared to previous years and the incidence of CYSDV was generally light on spring melons. How these low numbers translate into virus incidence on the fall melon crop is unknown? Regardless, experience suggests that growers should anticipate CYSDV to be present. Further, given the aggressive management programs that PCAs and growers are now using, it will be interesting to see how CYSDV impacts melon production this fall. We’ll be tracking both whiteflies and CYSDV incidence again in 2017. Our research to date suggests that fall melons produced near cotton or near areas where spring melons were recently produced are at the highest risk of infection. When possible, growers should attempt to isolate fall melon plantings as far away as possible from these sources of whiteflies and CYSDV. Growers forced to plant fall melons near these crops should be vigilant in minimizing adult whitefly infestation levels with insecticides during pre-bloom growth stages. To view a summary of the status of CYSDV in Yuma County and guidelines for management visit 2017 Guidelines for Whitefly and CYSDV Management on Fall Melons.


Name the Insect Pest
Image courtesy of Doug Henry
Marine Blue Caterpillar

Areawide Diamondback Moth Trapping Network

In response to the recent outbreaks of Diamondback moth (DBM) , Plutella xylostella in Yuma, we have established a pheromone trap network designed to monitor the activity and movement of adult populations of DBM. PCAs have had difficulty controlling DBM in cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower since October. Traps have been placed in Roll, Wellton, Dome Valley, Gila Valley and Yuma Valley in locations where cole crops are presently being grown or in areas where infestations were known to occur this fall.


Click here to see results of DBM pheromone trap network.

Remember, When in Doubt . . . . . “SCOUT”

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For questions or comments on any of the topics please contact Marco Pena at the Yuma Agricultural Center.
College of Agriculture, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

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