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Insect Pests Important at Stand Establishment in Fall Crops (August 6, 2014)
It’s that time of the year again. Desert growers have begun planting fall melon crops, transplanting cabbage and will be direct seeding leafy vegetables in just a few weeks. Soon to follow is a number of important insect pest issues. As crops begin to emerge, PCAs will begin to encounter insects that have the potential to cause serious economic losses to seedling crops during stand establishment. These include flea beetles, crickets (sometimes grasshoppers), darkling and rove beetles, and saltmarsh caterpillars. These insects all have chewing mouthparts and most are capable of consuming large amounts of leaf tissue in a short time. Seedling crops at the cotyledon stage are most susceptible to these pests, where feeding by large numbers can devour much of the cotyledons or outright kill the small plants. If left uncontrolled, larger seedling plants (2-4 leaf stage) can sustain significant feeding damage on the terminal growing points or newly emerged leaves. Not only can this feeding stunt plant growth, but it can result in lack of uniformity and maturity at harvest. Host sources of flea beetle, cricket and "woolly worm" infestations include numerous summer crops (e.g., sudan grass, cotton and alfalfa) and a large host of weeds (e.g., purslane). Experience indicates that melon fields planted adjacent to these crops/weedy areas are at a high risk from these seedling pest, and particularly flea beetles. As summer crops are harvested or terminated during the next several weeks, these seedling pests typically move to the next available host crop; lettuce, cole crops and melons. Fortunately, there are many registered insecticide alternatives available that can be applied via sprinkler chemigation (i.e., pyrethroids) or foliar sprays (i.e., Lannate, neonicotinoids) that can cost-effectively minimize their abundance and damage to emerging produce and melon crops. For more information on insect pests of leafy vegetables and melons at stand establishment go to the document Pests at Stand Establishment 2014.
Pale Striped Flea Beetle
Remember: "When in Doubt...Scout"

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For questions or comments on any of the topics please contact Marco Pena at the Yuma Agricultural Center.
College of Agriculture, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

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